yYAXssKCQaUWZcXZ79RJTBLvo-c;SfREtjZ9NYeQnnVMC-CsZ9qN6L0 Finance, Economics, Globus, Brokers, Banks, Collateral-Oriano Mattei: agosto 2015

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lunedì 31 agosto 2015

Due migranti cercavano di attraversare la frontiera fra il Marocco e l'enclave spagnola di Ceuta nascosti nel motore di un'auto. ......

Due migranti cercavano di attraversare la frontiera fra il Marocco e l'enclave spagnola di Ceuta nascosti nel motore di un'auto. 


Rannicchiati in posizione fetale in spazi ricavati al millimetro, visibilmente provati per le temperature estreme, le vibrazioni e i gas respirati per ore. Un caso che ricorda quello recente del bambino nascosto in una valigia immortalato dalla scansione ai raggi x. La scoperta odierna - rilevano diversi media spagnoli - è stata fatta dalla guardia civil al posto di frontiera di El Tarajal. I gendarmi si sono insospettiti per il comportamento «nervoso» del guidatore.

Nell'ispezione hanno trovato un uomo nel motore, separato dalla testata bollente da un sottile pannello, e l'altro in un angusto volume ricavato sotto il sedile del guidatore. I due, si è appreso,vengono entrambi dall'Africa sub-sahariana. L'automobilista è stato arrestato e i due giovani clandestini sono stati portati in ospedale con sintomi di disidratazione e spossatezza. Secondo i medici dell'ospedale, i due avrebbero potuto anche morire.

fonte -Ilmessaggero.it-


Elisabetta Canalis incinta è uno splendore. Ma se la mamma più bella dell’estate si mostra anche in bikini nero e pancione… bè, vince a mani basse anche il titolo di mamma più sexy dell’estate .....



Mancano poche settimane al parto. Ed Eli svela le sue curve da mamma dolcissima e bellissima. Con tanto amore per il marito Brian Perri

Elisabetta Canalis incinta è uno splendore. Ma se la mamma più bella dell’estate si mostra anche in bikini nero e pancione… bè, vince a mani basse anche il titolo di mamma più sexy dell’estate 
PANCIONE E CURVE – Elisabetta Canalis è in vacanza con il marito Brian Perri. Sono gli ultimi giorni prima del parto. E il pancione di Elisabetta fa finalmente bella mostra di sé dal bikini nero e sensualissimo. Come dimostrano le foto di Top.
CAREZZE E TUFFI – Eli si concede un bel bagno in mare. Con tutti acrobatici e curve in bella mostra. poi, sulla spiaggia, c’è anche il tempo per le tenerezze con il marito Brian Perri. Il décolleté è al top, l’amore anche.
“A 10 METRI DAL SUOLO” – Insomma, si vede che Elisabetta Canalis sta vivendo il momento più magico della sua vita. D’Altronde, l’aveva rivelato lei stessa via social. Non vede l’ora di tenere in braccio la sua bambina e nel frattempo ha parole d’amore per il marito: “Sto viaggiando intorno a questo mondo a 10 metri dal suolo, così incredibilmente felice perché ho trovato te, amore”. Dedicato a Brian Perri

fonte -Oggi.it-

La sniffata all'aperto è solo l'ultimo degli episodi di degrado cui è stata sottoposta Firenze


Il degrado della città immortalato da un residente che posta le immagini su Facebook. E viene velatamente minacciato

Ancora un episodio di degrado nelle notti della movida di Firenze. A documentarlo fotograficamente è un residente di via della Chiesa, che ha postato successivamente le immagini su Facebook.
LA SNIFFATA - L’uomo inquadra con la videocamera cinque persone: tre ragazzi e due ragazze. È l’una di notte e nella zona della movida i cinque, italiani, si fermano davanti ad un’auto parcheggiata. Piazzano della polvere bianca sul tettuccio, la dividono e iniziano a sniffarla dopo aver arrotolato un pezzo di carta. Non è difficile immaginare cosa stiano sniffando. Il tutto senza porsi il benchè minimo problema di essere visti, fermati o additati.
LE MINACCE - L’uomo posta le foto su Facebook e si aspetta un moto di indignazione. Invece succede tutt’altro. Viene infatti contestato per violazioni della privacy. E riceve velate minacce: “Come potrai vedere – recita un commento – sono del nostro mondo. Se poi sta girando come penso questa foto molto probabilmente riceverai loro notizie”. Poco dopo decide di rimuovere le foto, che ormai sono comunque diventate virali.
LA DELUSIONE - Raggiunto dal Corriere della Sera, l’uomo non nasconde il suo sconforto: “Mi fa specie una cosa: se si fosse trattato di stranieri, tutti li avrebbero presi di mira; ma visto che si tratta di “nostri”, allora in tanti si fanno venire gli scrupoli, tirano fuori i però…”


fonte -Oggi.it-

Podmladak crnogorskih funkcionera, vidimo ovih dana, korača tragovima roditelja. Za njih nema zime, poslovno i finansijski napreduju, namiču vrijedne nekretnine na elitnim lokacijama, dok prosječan građanin jedva sastavlja kraj s krajem. Tu su, pri ruci, moćne mame i tate koje četvrt vijeka, za sebe i svoje najbliže, stvaraju imperiju. Dok roditelji pričaju kako je napredovanje njihove djece tek logična posljedica sposobnosti i talenata njihovog naraštaja, upada u oči jaz između njihove i djece običnih smrtnika. Nova klasa - za crnogorske prilike - superbogatih. Mogu sve. Mediiji ovih dana pišu kako je dvadesetšestogodišnja kćerka prvog čovjeka Podgorice Slavoljuba Miga Stijepovića, Dragana Stijepović, ovog aprila postala vlasnica dvosobnog stana (72 kvadrata) u strogom centru Budve. Vrijednost nekretnine je oko 150.000 eura. Stijepović je kazao da je kćerka taj stan dobila od rodbine iz inostranstva, iako u katastarskoj evidenciji stoji, crno na bijelo, da je kupljen....



blazo-djukanovicPodmladak crnogorskih funkcionera, vidimo ovih dana, korača tragovima roditelja. Za njih nema zime, poslovno i finansijski napreduju, namiču vrijedne nekretnine na elitnim lokacijama, dok prosječan građanin jedva sastavlja kraj s krajem. Tu su, pri ruci, moćne mame i tate koje četvrt vijeka, za sebe i svoje najbliže, stvaraju imperiju. Dok roditelji pričaju kako je napredovanje njihove djece tek logična posljedica sposobnosti i talenata njihovog naraštaja, upada u oči jaz između njihove i djece običnih smrtnika. Nova klasa - za crnogorske prilike - superbogatih. Mogu sve.
Mediiji ovih dana pišu kako je dvadesetšestogodišnja kćerka prvog čovjeka Podgorice Slavoljuba Miga Stijepovića, Dragana Stijepović, ovog aprila postala vlasnica dvosobnog stana (72 kvadrata) u strogom centru Budve. Vrijednost nekretnine je oko 150.000 eura. Stijepović je kazao da je kćerka taj stan dobila od rodbine iz inostranstva, iako u katastarskoj evidenciji stoji, crno na bijelo, da je kupljen.
Stan u Budvi nije jedina nekretnina Stijepovićeve nasljednice. Ona je takođe tokom aprila postala vlasnica još jednog stana, dvosobnog (70m2), na Malom brdu, u Podgorici. Da se nađe. Iako je u imovinskom kartonu prijavio primanja kćerke, Stijepović nije prijavio stan u Budvi.
Još jedan pionir DPS-a našao se u fokusu javnosti ovih dana: sin ministra održivog razvoja i turizma Branimira Gvozdenovića, Marko. Naime, predstavnici opozicije u Budvi tokom lokalnog skupštinskog zasijedanja, naveli su da je luksuzni kompleks Torch beach club - Day & Night, koji je izgrađen tik uz Slovensku plažu i vrijedi više od milion eura, vlasništvo Marka  Gvozdenovića.
Budvanski odbornik DF-a Stevan Džaković kazao je da je Gvozdenović junior vlasnik kluba. ,,I mi smo svi ovdje glupi, a njegov sin pametan, pa je došao u Budvu da zaradi, pa poslije sezone ode u London da studira".
Vijest su, međutim, demantovali iz firme Torch Platforms UK Ltd, kazavši da su informacije koje su plasirane – netačne, te da je u ,,projekat uključeno 16 investitora, uglednih građana Velike Britanije, koji su vođeni naravno i poslovnim interesom, ali i zaljubljeni u Crnu Goru, investirali 1,37 miliona eura kapitala u Budvu." Upalo je u oči: nijesu izričito demantovali podatak da Gvozdenovićev sin ima bilo kakve veze sa projektom.
Gradonačelnik i drugi ugledaju se na sedmostrukog premijera Mila Đukanovića i njegov roditeljski instinkt. Njegovom sinu Blažu odavno dobro ide. O poslovanju kompanije mladog Đukanoivća, BB Solar, Monitor je više puta pisao. Zanimljiva je priča o supertalentovanom mladiću koji je uspio bez ikakvog radnog iskustva, a vođen srećnom zvijezdom, da da kratko vrijeme dobije važne i skupe projekte, plaćene novcem obveznika, od solarnih kolektora na UN zgradi u Podgorici, do različitih poslova sa crnogorskim opštinama. To što otac ima ključ od budžeta, a stric od banke koja ga obilno kreditira, nije relevantno za priču.
Mlađani Đukanović dobro stoji i sa nekretninama. Na svoje ime – dok je bio srednjoškolac poklonio mu striko Aco (vlasnik Prve banke) – posjeduje poslovni prostor površine 459m2, koji je od Blaža zakupio opet – strike Aco. Tako je tu sve u jednom: i prostor, i keš.
Ako Stijepovićeva kćerka iz svog stana ljeti skokne u svoj stan u Budvi, mladi Đukanović iz Podgorice može da skokne do svog stana na Žabljaku. Blažo je tamo kupio stan površine 216m2. Precizno: garaža 17m2, stant 124 m2 i mansarda 75 m2. Đukanović stariji je u imovinskom kartonu svojevremeno notirao da mu nasljednik na Žabljaku posjeduje samo 124m2, skrivajući cijelih 92m2! Sitnica.
Kolekcija nekretnina hobi je i Blažovom bratu od tetke, trridesetdvogodišnjem Edinu Kolareviću. Njegova majka je Ana Đukanović alias advokatica koja se pominje u kontekstu korupcije tokom privatizacije crnogorskog Telekoma ali i mnogih drugih sumnjivih privatizacija. Milov sestrić, na svoje i na ime svojih firmi, posjeduje nekretnine u Kotoru, Petrovcu, Kolašinu... Ali i u – Njujorku!
Samo detalj sa druge strane Atlantika. Na svoje ime, Milov sestrić, još kao student, upisao je stan u Njujorku, Menhetnu (ulica: 60 E. 8th Street Unit: RES, NoHo, NY 10003). Pisali smo o tome, važno je ponoviti: nekretninu je trgovao za 877.500 dolara! Ništa.
Majka Ana je pravdala sina: ,,Predmetni stan kupljen je kreditom dobijenim od Hypo Alpe Adria banke, a shodno kojem je rok otplate do 1. jula 2031". Monitor je tada zapazio koincidenciju: apartman na Menhetnu kupljen je 10. aprila 2006, neposredno nakon što je, prema američkim spisima, Matav podmitio crnogorske zvaničnike pri privatizaciji Telekoma. Među njima i ,,sestru najvišeg zvaničnika crnogorske Vlade, advokaticu".
Ne zaostaje ni podmladak Svetozara Marovića, sin Miloš: biznisi, nekretnine... Osnivač više firmi: M i Z komerc (bavi se restoranima i pokretnim ugostiteljskim objektima), El – Mar iste djelatnosti, MF invest (specijalizovana za ,,specifične građevinske radove"). Sakuplja i nekretnine: samo na svoje ime u Mrčevom polju uknjižio je 129.647 m2 zemlje, pašnjaka i njiva. U Budvi ima dva stana ukupne površine 257 m2. Konkretno: potkrovlje od 193 m2 koje je kupio i drugi, površine 64 m2, dobijen na poklon. Oće para na paru.
Pa djeca ambasadora Crne Gore u Sloveniji i bivšeg gradonačelnika Podgorice Miomira Mugoše, Marko i Miljan. Mlađi, Marko (rođen 1984. godine), na svoje ime u Podgorici ima poslovni prostor površine 82 m2, u zgradi Vektra Montenegro. Tu mu je komšija gorepomenuti Blažo Đukanović.
Ima još: zaveden je u Katastru i kao vlasnik 196 m2 stambenog prostora na Svetom Stefanu stečenog kupovinom (78 m2 + garaža 11 m2) i u Budvi stečenog po osnovu poklona (mansarda, 107 m2).
Bio je u fokusu javnosti i kada je objavljena informacija da je kineskoj ambasadi prodao 10.300 kvadrata zemljišta na Marezi, u blizini porodičnih kuća Mugoša, za preko 990.000 eura. Sumnjalo se da je mlađi Mugoša imao ,,dojavu" da kineska ambasada traži zemljište za izgradnju rezidencije te da je zemlju kupio znatno jeftinije kako bi je Kinezima preprodao višestruko skuplje. Poručio je da je riječ o glupostima i da otac nimalo nije uticao na njegov posao. Nema šanse.
I stariji Miljan - koji se istakao napadom na novinarsku ekipu dnevnika Vijesti - dobro se snalazi. On u Vektri, vrata u vrata sa bratom Markom, ima poslovni prostor površine 82 m2. Nije to sve: Miljan posjeduje i stan od 142 m2 plus garažu površine 15 m2. Stečeno kupovinom. Vlasnik je, notirano je u papirima Uprave za nekretnine, dva poslovna prostora u centru grada od 16 m2 i 34 m2.
Sve navedeno je djelić imovine koja je zakonski prijavljena, na njihova imena. Narečeno je tek isječak u moru ostale djece funkcionera, njima bliskih tajkuna i porodičnih prijatelja.
Dok običan puk preživljava, oni i njihova djeca, prave porodične imperije.

Marko MILAČIĆ per -Monitor.me-

When the recent MAKS 2015 air show produced absolutely no achievements worthy of mention, the journalists whose sad fate it was to cover the event were essentially reduced to mumbling extras in a huge crowd scene. The main sensation of the show was a control line model of a flying ax with propellers that young aircraft designers flew for President Vladimir Putin during his visit to the air show. All official enthusiasm aside, the event was rather dull. Even the figures that Putin cited at the opening of MAKS 2015 were not very impressive. For example, he said that 600 Russian and 150 foreign companies were on hand this year. However, 1,100 companies participated in the previous biennial air show in 2013. And whereas foreign companies brought approximately 50 of their aircraft to that event, this year, the single foreign aircraft on display was an Airbus A-350......


When the recent MAKS 2015 air show produced absolutely no achievements worthy of mention, the journalists whose sad fate it was to cover the event were essentially reduced to mumbling extras in a huge crowd scene. The main sensation of the show was a control line model of a flying ax with propellers that young aircraft designers flew for President Vladimir Putin during his visit to the air show.
All official enthusiasm aside, the event was rather dull. Even the figures that Putin cited at the opening of MAKS 2015 were not very impressive. For example, he said that 600 Russian and 150 foreign companies were on hand this year. However, 1,100 companies participated in the previous biennial air show in 2013. And whereas foreign companies brought approximately 50 of their aircraft to that event, this year, the single foreign aircraft on display was an Airbus A-350.
Neither did this year's participants conclude a single noteworthy deal — and that includes the deal for the delivery of 100 Sukhoi Superjets to a Russian state leasing company, essentially shifting money from one government pocket to another.
Most surprisingly, the authorities made no mention of Defense Ministry plans to order the production and delivery of 48 Su-35 fighter jets from the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). Evil tongues claim that the Defense Ministry is focusing its efforts on building its own Patriot Park and does not want to strengthen the popularity of the competing MAKS air show.
However, if such a contract had been concluded, it would have raised numerous questions. At a total cost of 100 billion rubles, it represents the revision to a contract originally signed back in 2006 that set the price for that number of aircraft at 66 billion rubles — almost 50 percent less.
Of course, inflation and the rising cost of parts and components affect the price of military equipment, but not to the point of almost doubling the price tag. What's more, the transition to mass production should significantly lower the cost per unit, not increase it.
However, production at the UAC shows the opposite trend. The cost of the Su-35 has risen sharply during production and delivery. And, although Putin proudly announced that the volume of aircraft production had risen by 20 percent, the actual measure of that increase is not in the number of units delivered, but in the price paid for each.
I must say that this year's exposition failed to impress. The T-50 fifth generation fighter jet was the only aircraft on display that was at least partially new, and even then, its engine and radar — the key components — are hardly fifth generation equipment. The only other "new" aircraft on hand were the Su-35 and the Il-476, both modifications of airplanes originally created 30-40 years ago. The MAKS 2015 exhibition greatly undermined confidence in the health of the Russian aviation industry.
That is why Russian suppliers did not sign any significant contracts with foreign partners at the air show. And something strange happened as well. The president of Egypt, the king of Jordan and the crown prince of Abu Dhabi all attended the event, but apparently spoke with Putin about everything but the purchase of Russian military equipment.
Rumors that Egypt will buy a batch of Russian K-52 helicopters have not borne out, and Iran has yet to confirm plans to renew its order for S-300 surface-to-air missile systems. The Iranian vice president, who was also in Moscow during this time, only hinted that his country is considering the purchase of two types of Russian military aircraft.
It is understandable that foreign buyers are in no hurry to sign contracts with Russia. The most successful deliveries of Russian arms in the past were made possible by first modernizing the equipment with Western electronics. For example, Russia teamed up with France and Israel to create the avionics for the Su-30 MKI. However, both of those former partners were absent from MAKS 2015. Western countries now refuse to cooperate with Russia on military matters.
It remains a question whether electronics from China — which almost tripled the scale of its participation in MAKS — can compensate for Russia's break with the West. It also remains to be seen how long the Kremlin can prop up the country's terribly inefficient defense industry. Potential buyers see that risk and are likely to postpone major purchases.
Thus, it seems that the flying ax was not only the highlight of the event, but also the very symbol of MAKS 2015 — as well as the symbol of the state of affairs in the Russian aviation industry.

di Alexander Golts per -The Moscow Times-

Former Russian oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Russian opposition firebrand Alexei Navalny have launched a project titled “Help from Khodorkovsky and Navalny.” As part of this project, they plan to give convicts prosecuted for political reasons 100,000 rubles ($1,492) apiece, Navalny wrote on his blog Monday......


Mitya Aleshkovsky / WikicommonsMikhail Khodorkovsky
Former Russian oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Russian opposition firebrand Alexei Navalny have launched a project titled “Help from Khodorkovsky and Navalny.” As part of this project, they plan to give convicts prosecuted for political reasons 100,000 rubles ($1,492) apiece, Navalny wrote on his blog Monday.
“[We have] released the names of the first political convicts that will receive 100,000 rubles,” his post said.
The list of convicts entitled to financial support published on the project's website consists of 22 names, including Navalny's brother Oleg, convicted to three years in prison for embezzlement; Ukrainian pilot Nadezhda Savchenko, currently standing trial for allegedly murdering Russian journalists; Ukrainian film director Oleg Sentsov, sentenced to 20 years in maximum security prison for organizing terrorist attacks in Crimea.
Eligible convicts were selected by an expert council of 24 members, Navalny explained, with only eight members appointed by him and Khodorkovsky. “Pay attention to this very important thing: neither I nor Khodorkovsky decide to whom we should assign the support,” he wrote on his blog.

fonte -The Moscow Times-

Foreign ministers of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France will meet by the middle of September to discuss the conflict in Ukraine, Kremlin adviser Yury Ushakov told reporters Monday. Over the weekend, Moscow, Berlin and Paris backed a bid for a new cease-fire in eastern Ukraine, where fighting between Kiev forces and Russia-backed rebels has killed more than 6,500 people since unrest erupted in the industrial region in April 2014.......


Thomas Peter / ReutersForeign ministers Laurent Fabius of France, Frank-Walter Steinmeier of Germany, Pavlo Klimkin of Ukraine and Sergei Lavrov of Russia (L-R) walk in a park ahead of their talks in Berlin, Germany, August 2014.
Foreign ministers of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France will meet by the middle of September to discuss the conflict in Ukraine, Kremlin adviser Yury Ushakov told reporters Monday.
Over the weekend, Moscow, Berlin and Paris backed a bid for a new cease-fire in eastern Ukraine, where fighting between Kiev forces and Russia-backed rebels has killed more than 6,500 people since unrest erupted in the industrial region in April 2014.
The West accuses Russia of driving the rebellion and slapped sanctions on Moscow, aggravating an economic crisis caused by negligence in economic reforms and low oil prices.
"Leaders of France, Germany and Russia discussed holding a new meeting of the Normandy format. For now they have agreed that some time by mid-September the foreign ministers will hold another meeting in this format," Ushakov said.
"Then we expect leaders of the four countries to hold a phone call and we will see what they agree as to where and how to meet in person," he said.
Fighting intensified in east Ukraine in recent weeks, with Kiev blaming the separatist rebels and Moscow saying the Ukrainian authorities were at fault.
Russia accuses Kiev of not delivering on the provisions of a peace deal brokered by Germany and France in the Belarussian capital Minsk, including on a constitutional reform that would give the rebel-held areas wide autonomy.
Ukraine's parliament on Monday backed granting a so-called "special status" to the separatist-minded east, but divisions in the pro-Western ruling camp and violent street protests suggested the changes would face a rough ride to become law.

Reuters

Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Venezuelan counterpart Nicolas Maduro will discuss "possible mutual steps" to stabilize global oil prices during a visit to China this week, a Kremlin aide said Monday. Putin and Maduro will attend a military parade in Beijing marking 70 years since the end of World War II in Asia.....


Carlos Garcia Rawlins / ReutersVenezuela's President Nicolas Maduro
Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Venezuelan counterpart Nicolas Maduro will discuss "possible mutual steps" to stabilize global oil prices during a visit to China this week, a Kremlin aide said Monday.
Putin and Maduro will attend a military parade in Beijing marking 70 years since the end of World War II in Asia.
Kremlin aide Yury Ushakov said the steps would be discussed as part of Moscow's cooperation with OPEC. He did not give any further details.
The price of oil, Russia's chief commodity export, has halved since last year to trade below $50 per barrel, helping send the Russian economy into recession.
The Wall Street Journal reported last week that Venezuela has been contacting other members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), pushing for an emergency meeting with Russia to come up with a plan to stop the global oil price rout.
Russia, one of the world's leading oil producers, is not a member of OPEC. Moscow and the cartel have so far refrained from trying to prop up production by cutting prices

Reuters

Life expectancy in Russia has been growing several times slower than in the rest of the world for the past 20 years, according to a research by the U.S.-based Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation released last week. During the period of 1990-2013 it only grew by 1.8 years in Russia, while the global average number increased by 6.2 years, pushing Russia out of the top 100 countries with the highest life expectancy and placing it in 108th position — between Iraq and North Korea......


A. Gordeev / VedomostiThe population of the country is getting older, but this is an objective trend all over the world, Isupova said, which means there are more and more old people.
Life expectancy in Russia has been growing several times slower than in the rest of the world for the past 20 years, according to a research by the U.S.-based Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation released last week.
During the period of 1990-2013 it only grew by 1.8 years in Russia, while the global average number increased by 6.2 years, pushing Russia out of the top 100 countries with the highest life expectancy and placing it in 108th position — between Iraq and North Korea.
The situation will most likely worsen in the years to come, said experts. Economic crisis, lower incomes and deteriorating quality of life in the country will eventually have their impact on health and, therefore, overall life expectancy.
While some blame the weak health care system and Russians’ negligence toward their health and future, others claim there are a wide range of factors influencing these processes, and there is no simple explanation.
But whatever the reasons are, the demographic situation is already impacting the country’s economy, economists say, and vice versa, making it a vicious circle.

Objective Numbers

The research, published in The Lancet medical journal Wednesday, is optimistic about the future of the world’s population. “Global health is improving,” it concluded, summarizing the findings. The research was conducted on the basis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, carried out by the World Health Organization. It covered life expectancy and health issues of 188 countries.
There were grounds for optimism — the global average life expectancy at birth grew by 6.2 years from 65.3 years in 1990 to 71.5 years in 2013. Global healthy life expectancy at birth, which represents the number of years people on average live without getting ill, also increased — by 5.4 years from 56.9 years in 1990 to 62.3 years in 2013.
But in Russia the numbers were much more humble. Its life expectancy in 1990 was actually higher than the global one — 69.4 years compared to 65.3 years. By 2013 Russian life expectancy had grown by 1.8 years and became 71.2 years, almost the same as the global one, which was 71.5 years due to a 6.2 years growth.
The trend remains the same when it comes to healthy life expectancy. In Russia it grew by 1.6 years — from 61.1 years in 1990 to 62.7 years in 2013, while the global indicator increased by 5.4 years — from 56.9 years in 1990 to 62.3 years in 2013.
There was a significant gap between the general life expectancy of Russian men and women and their healthy life expectancy. In 2013 men on average lived for 65.7 years, and only 58.9 years were spent in good health. Women lived for 76.7 years, and only 66.6 years were spent in good health.

No Simple Explanation

There is no simple explanation for these processes, said Vasily Vlasov, a professor at the Higher School of Economics’ Center for Health Care Policy who contributed to the study.
“[Life expectancy in Russia] started to decline at the beginning of the 1960s, and it has been, basically, doing so ever since. At the end of the 1980s it started to fluctuate — increasing and decreasing. The latest increase period lasted some eight years, until last year when it had its peak,” he added.
There are factors that influence life expectancy, said Vlasov, but it doesn’t mean that the changes can be easily explained by them. “Serious scientists don’t have a solid explanation for it. It is a mystery to some extent,” he added.
Nevertheless, a bad economy, according to him, was one of those factors — as well as the latest health care reform. “Expenses on health care are being seriously reduced,” and the government does not have the money to buy necessary medical equipment, which impacts on people’s health, Vlasov said. “It may contribute to the increase of the mortality rate. When people don’t have enough money, there is a whole bunch of reasons for the mortality rate to increase,” he added.
“Sometimes a lower quality of life pushes people to do things like stealing 200 meters of cable on the railroad — this could lead to a train crash and contribute to the mortality rate,” the professor added. “But when it comes to calculating life expectancy, there’s a whole lot more to it than these simple examples,” he said.
Heart disease is the number one cause of death in Russia, Vlasov pointed out, and it will be for many years to come. He named smoking as a huge risk factor related to heart illnesses, which often becomes a common bad habit during difficult economic conditions.
“When life gets harder, people become nervous and start to smoke, not thinking about its harmful influence on their health,” and smoking often leads to heart diseases, the expert said.

Question of Motivation

As surprising as it sounds, slow growth and the decline of life expectancy might be explained by the lack of motivation on the part of the elderly to live longer, said Olga Isupova, senior lecturer at the Higher School of Economics’ Institute for Demography.
It doesn’t mean a person wants to commit suicide, she said, but they care less about their health. “Especially men — when they get older, they simply don’t see a role for themselves in society. Once they quit their jobs and become pensioners, they don’t know what to do with their lives,” while women, at least, can enjoy being grandmothers, she told The Moscow Times in a phone interview.
In general, Russians are reckless about their health, and one of the related problems is drinking — people consume unhealthy amounts of alcohol, and that impacts their health heavily, explained Isupova.
In addition to that, Russians are not used to planning ahead and thinking about their future life, they prefer living in the here and now. “Life in Russia is unpredictable — and often people see no point in planning their future,” she said.
In general, the population of the country is getting older, but this is an objective trend all over the world, Isupova said, which means there are more old people. With the quality of health care deteriorating, being old in Russia is not an attractive proposition, she added.

It Gets Worse

The situation is likely to get worse, said both Vlasov and Isupova. “Either life expectancy growth will continue slowing down, or it will start to decline,” said Isupova.
“The mortality rate is increasing this year. No one knows yet how high it will get and for how long. I cautiously suggest that it is the beginning of another round of mortality rate growth,” said Vlasov.
Every demographic slump impacts the economy directly, and the impact can be seen already, explained Svetlana Gerasimova, director of the Center for Corporate and Social Responsibility of the MIRBIS Moscow International Higher Business School.
At the moment, universities accommodate fewer students than they are able. This is a result of the demographic pit of the 1990s, she told The Moscow Times in a phone interview. “It means there will be fewer people to fill the job vacancies, fewer people to work,” the economist said Friday.
“There will be also fewer women to have children, therefore their children will have fewer children, etc.,” Gerasimova added.
With those who were born some 70 years ago during the post-war baby boom era getting older and eventually dying and young women nowadays not in a rush to give birth, it appears that the country is looking into another demographic pit in the years to come.

di Daria Litvinova per -The Moscow Times-