After almost two months of operation to liberate Mosul “we have more than 100,000 people who have fled the city and surrounding areas,”the Oxfam representative said. “Still more than a million people, we believe, are trapped inside Mosul and they are at risk from being caught by sniper fire, explosive devices. And it's really important that all sides in this conflict provide safe escape routes for those people to leave.”
Mosul was captured by Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) back in 2014 and later turned into a self-proclaimed capital of the jihadists in Iraq. The operation to retake the key city started on October 17, with tens of thousands of Iraqi military, special forces and militias taking part. The mission is also supported by the US-led international coalition.
“It’s very worrying when there is a conflict that close to where the people are living and we’ve seen in other places and in Mosul so far, the way ISIS seem willing to use people as human shields,” Tabacek warned.
He also said that liberating Mosul won’t automatically eliminate the humanitarian crisis in the area: “More than 3 million people that are displaced in northern Iraq. And that’s not only from Mosul, that's a number of other areas that have been recaptured in the last few years. This is a crisis that is not going to go away anytime soon,”Tabacek said.
Meanwhile, the operation to retake Mosul has slowed down in the past weeks since the Iraqi army and militias are going deeper into the city. In addition, an early December report by Debkafiles, a military intelligence news site with links to the Israeli military, said Islamic State is now mulling to stay put in their Iraqi stronghold. According to the report, a delegation of IS commanders arrived in Mosul on December 4, to discuss synchronizing the city defenses with those of Raqqa in Syria. Mosul commanders have “changed course about leaving the city and decided to stay put,” the paper said.