"Iran is trying to establish itself permanently in Syria, with a military presence on the ground and at sea, and also a gradual attempt to open a front against us on the Golan Heights," Netanyahu said on March 5.
Netanyahu said he would state "Israel's sharp and vigorous opposition to this possibility" at the meeting with Putin.
Iran has been a major backer of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, providing him with military and financial support.
Russia, also a key Syria backer, has conducted military air strikes in support of Assad.
Israeli officials have warned against Iran’s growing influence in the region.
Putin and Netanyahu last met in June 2016, when Putin called Israel a "key country" for the Middle East.